Traditional Methods of Preserving Medicinal Plants in Zimbabwe

Friday, 7 October 2016

Traditional Methods of Preserving Medicinal Plants in Zimbabwe

Rural residents who make up the bulk 10.4 million Zimbabwe population heavily dependent on vegetation around them for firewood and medicines. They are primarily subsistence farmers, can't alternative fuels, not to mention the high prices of modern medicine. As a result, the loss of vegetation and environmental degradation.

It has taken major steps towards protecting the environment in Zimbabwe. They include: inhibition of indigenous trees and encouraging local people to plant trees and exotic native fast growing for home use, the installation of the national tree planting day and created nature. However, this intensive drive towards conservation, although it's still hard to prevent local people from damaging the plants around them.

Plant fast-growing alien is not a complete solution to the problem of environmental degradation, mainly because locals still need indigenous plants as a source of medicine and crafts like carving. Disapprove the local population cultivate medicinal plants because of their belief that native plants lose their therapeutic properties when grown.

The locals are unlikely to readily accept new doctrines forced upon them in the form of modern environmental conservation strategies, which most of them do not understand. But you can do something with it, especially on the use of indigenous plants for medicinal purposes. For example, it is clear that some conservation techniques are implicit in the traditional methods of obtaining medicines from plants.




This article discusses some of the conservation measures that have been applied to traditional herbs in the past. Are grouped under two headings: traditional ways of collecting botanical medicine and protected plants or cultured to be connected with traditional beliefs.
Traditional methods of collecting medicinal plants used by herbs

Collect from bark-traditionally thought he should not collect tree bark for medicinal purposes from East and west-facing parts of the trunk. Cortex believes taken from the North and South faces of ineffective for therapeutic purposes. This method ensures the factory, though the man didn't kill ring and can be collected again in the future.

A group of roots-when collecting medical use roots, the roots of the plants are not all. So can still feed the remaining roots and plant survival. It was believed that if part of the plant to use Medicaid as a result that perished, and handles the patient using this medication also dies.

Using plants collected in advance of collecting the bark, branches, roots of prohibited other plants that showed signs of having been collected by another nanga (traditional healers). It was believed that when a patient treatment plant uses nanga, the disease of the patient at this station. When using other nanga later the same plant to treat a patient, the patient's disease will be transferred prior to the patient. This ensures that the plant has recovered from the effects of the collection.

Use of annuals as nanga medical use annuals collection she had to leave behind some individuals of this species in a site collection. It was believed that if species were completely destroyed in a specific area, then the patient was administered in medicine also species die. Leaving behind some representatives of the collected species, protect localized rare species from extinction.

Using seed-seeds are rarely used for medical purposes. When used, it was usually to be as lucky charm in pocket or hung around his neck. This allows limited use of seeds perpetuate the kind of plants through seeds.
Protected plants or cultivated because it was linked to some preventive properties or evil

[Kirkia] Acuminata Oliver

And he posted a Club of these types in every newly married man to appease his ancestral spirits so that they would protect him from the evil magic. It was believed that ancestral spirits come in tree.

Gardenia spp.

And cut this genus trees when clearing land for agriculture or building a House. They are believed to prevent people or place being hit by lightning, and that was an advantage to have them around the House. It is important to note that these species trees are used for the same purpose in other parts of Africa, such as Angola.

Euphorbia ingens Boyce.

This tree was believed to be able to ward off lightning and it is not tampered with if found growing near the House. As cultivated plant cemeteries to prevent the wizards from the bodies of the deceased.

Aoksitinanthira Abyssinica (a rich). Munro

As with gardenia spp., e-aingins, this species was grown around the House to protect it from lightning strikes.

Lonchokarbos kapasi Rolf

This tree was believed to be used by witches to cast evil spells. It was also said to cause dissension within the family if they use as firewood. For these reasons it was never cut down a tree or used as firewood.

In Botswana believed L. kapasi version differs from the one in Zimbabwe tree linked to produce rain. This belief stems from the fact that these tree species are usually made in early summer (before rains) insect, frog Hopper, feeding on tree SAP. Due to the structural adjustment programme are very dilute nutrients, hopper consume large amounts of it, passing out water drops that fall from the branches of trees. Where very heavy insects on trees, firing several drops of fluid, with the resulting effect looks like rain from the tree. When someone is standing under the tree, they may get wet, hence the name ' tree rain '. It was believed that if anyone cut this tree and then no rain will fall in their fields. The surrounding area is full of abstraction makarikari in Botswana from trees-except for the rain tree.

Bsorosbermom vibrivogom plumber

As with ' rain ' tree mentioned above, he thought that, when used as firewood, this tree will bring about troubles within the family. Therefore it was untouched.

Bsiodolachnostilis mabronivolia Pax

This tree was thought to be used by witches to cast evil spells, and therefore taboo for use for any purpose.
Conclusion




From the above discussion, it is clear that our ancestors in Zimbabwe conservation practice, and to the preservation of the environment is not a new concept for our people. Some of the above practices still taking place today. But many of them have fallen out of use, because of the mixing of cultures through immigration and urbanization, leading to a decline in the value of local knowledge of their ancestors ' beliefs and traditions. This is being exacerbated by population pressure on land, which led to clear vast areas of vegetation to make way for agriculture and housing construction. Locals may always depends on the nature and the Earth to survive, it is difficult to convince them otherwise. They expect the Earth to provide permanently to meet all their needs without any mutual sponsored by them. Alarm time they realize their impact on the environment, they will have something to save him.

Although it is difficult to make people appreciate the teachings talk about the need to preserve the environment, all hope is not lost. People have a tendency to understand and appreciate the improvements relating to traditional ways of thinking, instead of newly introduced ways of thinking which does not take into consideration their way of life. Go back and try to highlight the value of traditional conservation methods, and can make some improvement in the attitude of the local population towards their environment.

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